Poles Saving Jews


Episode 12


From the bottom of the heart. Julian Laskowski and Józef Karbowniczek. Pawlowice. Part 1

Before Jews deportation from Pińczów, Julian Laskowski agreed to hide Ajzyk Hajzykowicz’ family. Julian and Ajzyk were acquaintances.  Ajzyk’s sister Dina, her husband Lejzor and two children: 7-year-old Wiktor and 5-year-old Hana were offered a shelter.

Julian lived in a family home, his parents and numerous siblings shared the same house. Julian did not tell anyone that the Jews were hiding on the farm.

“How did he do that? I do not know.  I cannot imagine I could hide conceal such information so that my children and my husband would not know about it”- says Grażyna Spaczyńska, Julian’s daughter.  Julian helped those in the hiding and made sure nobody would catch him.  He would steal food from the house for the children. He carried freshly baked bread and curdled milk into the hiding place. “Mother would: where is the bread? I fed it to the horses” – recalls Julian’s wife, Wanda Laskowska. After some time Julian secretly informed his sister Józefa about the Jews in the hiding who were helped. Józefa and her husband lived nearby. From then on the couple also supported Julian.

There was also a tragic episode in the Jews’ history. Lejzor the father of the family left the hiding place and was shot by a German patrol. Dina’s brother, Ajzyk was also killed then.

One day Julian was reported to Germans. The farm was searched, yet  the Jews were not found. Julian had hidden them under the fire-station’s floor earlier.  Julian was battered. This violence was supposed to pry information about the Jews’ hiding place.

Dad said to himself: “I do not have a family of my own yet. They will shoot – this is the only risk. A mother and two children will survive” –  Grażyna is moved when recollecting her father’s words.

Since then Julian had often mowed the Jews into new hiding places. The fire station, the barn, the forest, the old house’s cellar and the sheaves in the field – there were many dens.  Fortunately, the family lasted out until the end of the war.

In the 1950s  Dina Nawarska and her children moved to Israel.  She and her children – Hana and Wiktor maintained constants with Julian for the rest of their life.

When Julian Laskowski was on the death bed, the rescued family’s representatives and descendants gathered around his hospital bed. “He was unable to speak, but he was able to recognise them. He was crying when he saw the people who took the trouble to visit him … “-recalls Julian’s daughter.

Julian Laskowski was awarded the “Righteous Among the Nations” medal in 1985.  A few years later, in 1992 the Yad Vashem also recognised his sister Józefa Karbowniczek.


Autor Marlena Płaska
In this episode
Stories about Poles

Julian Laskowski

Józefa Karbowniczek

The people in the hiding

Dina Hajzykowicz

Lejzor Hajzykowicz

Wiktor Hajzykowicz

Hana Hajzykowicz

The story told by

Wanda Laskowska, żona Juliana Laskowskiego

Grażyna Spaczyńska, córka Juliana Laskowskiego

Julian Laskowski i uratowana przez niego Dina Nawarska,